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Legislation

The Ministry of Education and Research develops draft legislation for the implementation and development of the educational, research, youth, language and archive policies.

The Ministry of Education and Research is responsible for the following laws:

  • Republic of Estonia Education Act

    The Act defines the general objectives and organisation of the educational system; levels and objectives of education; the duties of the Riigikogu (Parliament), local governments and the Ministry of Education and Research in the field of education; types of educational institutions and the general principles of their activity as well as the bases for the Estonian Educational Information System.

  • Pre-school Child Care Institutions Act

    The Pre-school Child Care Institutions Act provides for the basis for the organisation of teaching and education in nurseries; the rights and obligations of children and parents and regulates the establishing, managing, funding and supervision of nurseries.

  • Basic Schools and Upper Secondary Schools Act

    The Basic Schools and Upper Secondary Schools Act provides for the basis for the organisation of teaching and education in general education schools; the rights and obligations of students and parents and regulates the establishing, managing, funding and supervision of general education schools.

  • Vocational Educational Institutions Act

    The Vocational Educational Institutions Act provides for the basis for the organisation of teaching and education in vocational institutions; the rights and obligations of students and regulates the establishing, managing, funding and supervision of vocational institutions.

  • Institutions of Professional Higher Education Act

    The Institutions of Professional Higher Education Act provides for the basis for the organisation of teaching and education in institutions of professional higher education; the rights and obligations of the students and regulates the establishing, managing, funding and supervision of institutions of professional higher education.

  • Universities Act

    The Universities Act provides for the basis for the organisation of teaching and education in universities; the rights and obligations of students and regulates the establishing, managing, funding and supervision of universities.

  • University of Tartu Act

    The University of Tartu Act defines the differences between the activities of Tartu University and other public institutions of higher education.

  • Tallinn University of Technology Act

    Tallinn Technical University Act defines the differences between the activities of Tallinn Technical University and other public institutions of higher education.

  • Private Schools Act

    The Private Schools Act regulates the establishing of private schools and their applications for an education license and defines the specifications of the organisation of teaching and education along with the management and funding as compared with public and municipal schools.

  • Study Allowances and Study Loans Act

    The Study Allowances and Study Loans Act lays down the conditions of, and procedure for receiving the basic allowance for vocational training, needs-based education allowance for higher education and doctoral allowance as well as the government-secured study loan.

  • Hobby Schools Act

    The Hobby Schools Act provides for the basis for the organisation of teaching and education for hobby schools; the rights and obligations of students and regulates the establishing, managing, funding and supervision of hobby schools.

  • Youth Work Act

    The Youth Work Act regulates the establishing, maintaining and supervision of permanent and project-based youth camps as well as the funding youth projects, associations and other youth programmes.

  • Juvenile Sanctions Act

    The Juvenile Sanctions Act provides for sanctions applicable to minors and the competence of juvenile committees.

  • Adult Education Act

    The Adult Education Act defines the types of adult training and regulates the provision of study leave as well as the funding of adult training.

  • Professions Act

    The Professions Act provides for the basis for the organisation of the professional qualifications system, regulates activities of awarding authorities and professional councils, the adoption of professional standards, the award of professional qualifications and professional certificates to individuals.

  • Recognition of Foreign Professional Qualifications Act

    The Recognition of Foreign Professional Qualifications Act lays down the conditions of and procedure for the recognition of foreign professional qualifications of persons who have acquired their professional qualifications in a foreign country and wish to work in Estonia in a position or profession for which qualification requirements have been established by legislation.

  • Organisation of Research and Development Act

    The Organisation of Research and Development Act provides for the basis for the organisation of research and development activities and regulates the establishing, managing, funding and supervision of research institutions.

  • Estonian Academy of Sciences Act

    The Estonian Academy of Sciences Act provides for the legal status, status of members, structure, management and funding of the Estonian Academy of Sciences.

  • National Institute of Chemical Physics and Biophysics Act

    The National Institute of Chemical Physics and Biophysics Act provides for the objectives of the National Institute of Chemical Physics and Biophysics and the specifications of its activities as compared with other research institutions.

  • Language Act

    The Language Act regulates the use of the Estonian language and foreign languages in oral and written administration, public information and service as well as the use of Estonian sign language and signed Estonian language along with the requirements for and assessment of the proficiency in the Estonian language, exercise of state supervision over compliance with the requirements provided by the Act.

  • Archives Act

    The Archives Act regulates the appraisal of records, acquisition and preservation of archival records, grant of access to them and organisation of the use of documents and lays down the basis for the activities of the National Archives and local government archives.

 

  • The English translations of Estonian legislation
    can be found at Riigi Teataja
  • The Riigikogu is the parliament of Estonia. Riigikogu passes laws and resolutions, exercises parliamentary supervision and ratifies international agreements.
  • Acess to European Union Law including preparatory acts of EU legislation and case-law of the Court of Justice of the EU

 

Last updated: 5 May 2017